has a type of vegetation composing brazilian phytogeography and it is also the second most important vegetation cover of the country (occupies 24% of the national territory), surpassed only by the Amazon
It is extended over eleven States of Brazil and also in the Federal District
; it is considered as the cradle of the waters of the country.
However, its surface has deeply decreased along the years width the human intervention.
The region of Cerrado
has a tropical climate with two well defined seasons (which can be modified by climatic changes):
* a rainy period (October till April),
* another dry one, from May till September.
It covers the states of the Central-West
region of Brazil like the State of Goiás
, the State of Mato Grosso
, the States of Mato Grosso
and of Distrito Federal
, as well as the southern states of Pará
, the interior of Tocantins
, part of the west of the State of Bahia
, as well as the three-quarters of the State of Minas Gerais
(western part of the Cordillera
) and the northern of the State of São Paulo
A vegetation consisting, in principle, by species that adapt to the two distinct seasons (as occurs in the Midwest), deciduous and with deep roots (and small, with twisted branches and thick sheets).
The Cerrado comprises various characteristics of vegetation, being, that way, classified into sub systems:field
(big cerrado), woods
, riparian woods
, and wetland environments
In general, the grounds are poor and very acid. (See the page: brasilescola